Thursday, May 21, 2020

Themes in The Story of an Hour by Kate Chopin and The...

Many times, literature can be intriguing, and other times, confusing. During the course of this year, although we had discussed a various amount of stories, there were certain ones that had the strength to leave an impact on the reader. The following will reveal the favorite piece of literature from this semester’s syllabus as being â€Å"The Story of An Hour† by Kate Chopin because of its epiphany, and the most challenging piece as being â€Å"The Second Coming† by William Butler Yeats because of its millennialism. â€Å"The Story of An Hour† by Kate Chopin had been a fascinating story with an epiphany at the conclusion of the story being a major theme throughout the short story. This short story opened with a lady named Louise Mallard who had heart trouble, and had to be informed about her husband’s apparent death. Her sister, Josephine, had decided to tell her after Louise’s husband’s friend, Richards, had discovered about the death (a railroad accident) when he was in the newspaper office and read Brently, (Louise’s husband) on the list of those who died. Initially, the reaction of Louise had been quite upsetting, she had been sobbing since Josephine told her about the tragedy, and decided to go upstairs to be alone in her room. As she sat in her room, she looked outside the window and she saw the numerous things outside, such as the trees, the smells of rain, and the clouds. Eventually, she started to feel something coming towards her, and moments later â€Å"†¦she abandoned herself a

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Shakespeare’s King Lear Essay - 1464 Words

Multiple Viewpoints of Shakespeare’s King Lear Shakespeare’s King Lear is a tragic about an aging King of Britain and his three daughters. When it comes time to divide his kingdom, he puts his daughters through a test to prove how much they love him. The two older daughters, Goneril and Regan, give King Lear flattering answers and therefore receive great amounts of finer land. The third and youngest daughter, Cordilia, says that she has no words to describe how much she loves her father. King Lear becomes enraged with Cordilia and disowns her and gives her no land. The rest of the play tells the story of how the two older daughters become corrupt and get greedy. King Leer is thrown out of his own house by his daughters and begins his†¦show more content†¦Marcia Gay Harden was also nominated for Best Performance by an Actress in a Miniseries or a Motion Picture Made for Television (IMDB np). The movie itself won the Bronze Wrangler Award in the Western Heritage Awards for Television Feature Film. King of Texas also was presented the Spur Award by Western Writers of America for the best drama script (IMDB np). King of Texas is a movie based on the same story line as King Leer. The movie is a western version of King Leer and catered to a younger audience. King of Texas is based in Texas when Texas was an independent country. John Leer, played by Patrick Stewart, is a man who owns a large ranch in Texas. Instead of being rivals with the French his main competition is a Mexican ranch owner to his south. Leer has three daughters, Suzannah, Rebecca, and Claudia, and wants to break up his land between them before he dies. He gives each daughter a chance to tell him how much they love him. When the two older daughters give him flattering answers he in return gives them large portions of his ranch. When his youngest daughter says she can not explain to him how much she loves him, Leer becomes enraged and disowns her. This is the same as when King Leer breaks up his kingdom in Britain. The technical aspect of the movie matches the story well. The site where the movie was shot gives the impression that Leer’s ranch is the largest and most important in Texas. It makes Leer seem as if he may actually be the kingShow MoreRelatedShakespeares King Lear Essay786 Words   |  4 PagesDiscussion Write Up Day one of our discussion brought up the catharsis in King Lear (#4). I agreed that with Gloucester’s death there was not so much catharsis as there was sympathy and happiness. As readers, I think we were happier to see Gloucester put out of his misery â€Å"Pluck out his poor eyes† (3.7.58) and relieved at the fact that he died â€Å"smilingly† (5.3.201). I agreed that we readers were happy about Edgar’s ending since he had so much bad fortune throughout the play he deserved a break,Read More Shakespeares King Lear - Goneril and Cordelia in King Lear953 Words   |  4 Pages The Characters of Goneril and Cordelia in King Learnbsp;nbsp; Nothing makes a story like a good villain, or in this case, good villainess. They are the people we love to hate and yearn to watch burn. Goneril, of Shakespeare’s King Lear, is no exception. Her evils flamed from the very beginning of the play with her lack of sincerity in professing her love for her father: Sir, I love you more than word can wield the matter; Dearer than eyesight, space, and liberty; Beyond what can be valuedRead MoreDeception in Shakespeares King Lear1204 Words   |  5 PagesUsing detailed supporting evidence, discuss the significance in the play of ONE of the following. Deception. William Shakespeares King Lear is a tragic play of filial conflict, deception and loss. Characters Lear and Gloucester shape the story line due to their lack of insight which their children take adavantage of. These are the antagonists who decieve their fathers, to gain more power and status. Deception usually has negative connotations and one would expect the characters who useRead More Shakespeares King Lear - Suffering of Cordelia in King Lear1507 Words   |  7 Pages The tragedy of Shakespeare’s King Lear is made far more tragic and painful by the presence and suffering of the kings youngest daughter, Cordelia. While our sympathy for the king is somewhat restrained by his brutal cruelty towards others, there is nothing to dampen our emotional response to Cordelias suffering. Nothing, that is, at first glance. Harley Granville-Barker justifies her irreconcilable fate thus: the tragic truth about life to the Shakespeare that wrote King Lear... includes itsRead More Essay on Blame in Shakespeares King Lear581 Words   |  3 Pages King Lear is To Blame nbsp; In William Shakespeares play, King Lear, the main character, King Lear, claims to be a man more sinned against than sinning(3.2.60-61). Though a good king, King Lears own actions cause his family and kingdom to fall apart. The sins committed against King Lear are a result of his personal faults of rashness, blindness, and foolishness. nbsp; King Lears hot temper and hasty decisions play a significant role in his fall from grace. His old age has causedRead MoreWilliam Shakespeares King Lear Essay923 Words   |  4 PagesWilliam Shakespeares King Lear In William Shakespeare’s tragedy, King Lear,the issue of sight on many levels is a recurring theme. Throughout the play Shakespeare shows that sight does not just come from the eyes. It is shown through the characters of Lear, Gloucester and how they compare to each other. Lear’s character is one that never learns what it means to see without ones eyes. Lear’s sight is hazed because of his lack of ability to see inside ofRead More William Shakespeares King Lear Essay1571 Words   |  7 PagesWilliam Shakespeares King Lear The locations in Shakespeare’s King Lear fall into three categories: inside a court, out in nature, and in-between nature and civilization. Lear himself also wavers between three states: sanity, senility, and the fine line between the two. These states of consciousness relate directly to the scenes’ locations. However, Lear’s insanity is not the fault of his location in the world; for the most part, he has control over his situation. The series of events inRead MoreWilliam Shakespeares King Lear Essays1856 Words   |  8 PagesWilliam Shakespeares King Lear A man more sinned against than sinning King Lear is one of Shakespeares more complex plays and within it many different themes are addressed and explored. King LearRead More Shakespeares King Lear - The Redemption of King Lear Essay746 Words   |  3 PagesThe Redemption of King Lear It is said that no other playwright illustrates the human condition like William Shakespeare. Furthermore, it is said that no other play illustrates the human condition like King Lear. The story of a bad king who becomes a good man is truly one of the deepest analyses of humanity in literary history; and it can be best seen through the evolution of Lear himself. In essence, King Lear goes through hell in order to compensate for his sins. LearsRead More foolear A Fool for a King in William Shakespeares King Lear1081 Words   |  5 PagesA Fool for a King in King Lear     Ã‚   In Shakespeares play King Lear, the main character, King Lear, is presented as a respected and powerful king. As the story progresses the king loses his power because of his own stupidity and blindness. The tragedy of this play is shown chiefly through the actions of Lear’s daughters, which lead to Lear’s bout with insanity, and through the words of the Fool. At the beginning of the play, King Lear appears as a powerful and well-loved ruler. He explains

Comparison Essay on Fall of the Roman Empire Free Essays

Comparative Essay – Step By Step STEP 1 – Diagnosis †¢ Read the Question and break it down in for what it is asking †¢ In the Margin, determine all of the information that you know about it o Start from broad to specific (time period, location, concepts, events, etc. . . We will write a custom essay sample on Comparison Essay on Fall of the Roman Empire or any similar topic only for you Order Now ) STEP 2 – Organization and Planning †¢ Find three topics that you can group together into paragraphs †¢ Plan out your essay into a brief skeleton that you can draw upon as you write STEP 3 – Creation †¢ Write your essay following the point structure below and paying attention to the examples. POINT 1 – Thesis If you don’t have one you can’t gain this point or point #3 for supporting your thesis o Consider the thesis to be the essence of the paper, it is your essay in one or two sentences o Introduce each paragraph with a topic sentence linked to the thesis o The thesis MUST address Similarities AND Differences in either the introduction or the conclusion to get full credit †¢ The thesis can only be counted as the thesis and not also as a direct comparison †¢ You don’t need to write an introduction, so don’t. Leave blank space to come back and write one if you have extra time. POINT 4 – Direct Comparisons †¢ 1st Sentence for each body paragraph should be a comparative (a direct comparison sentence) o Remember you must make Direct Comparisons, (apples to apples) so make it very clear to the reader your comparing in your sentence ? Use linking comparative words such as â€Å"whereas† to help set up direct comparisons ? For Example: â€Å"Both the Haitian and Russian revolutions drew considerable strength from the subjugation of the under classes into oppressive conditions, slaves and serfs repectiveley. POINT 5 – Analysis for Direct Comparisons †¢ 2nd sentence then explains/analyzes the direct comparison in the first sentence. ? For Example: â€Å"The Haitian Slaves were worked in the demanding sugar market in a foreign continent without a demographic representation that allowed for stable familial ties that had been a strong part of their culture, without the widespread allowances to have families the choice was clear, †Å"rebel now and maybe die, or be worked to death slowly†. While Russian Serfs were allowed few more rights than a slave, they were bound to the land the worked for their elite Boyar ‘Little-Princes’ while the influences of the enlightenment and liberalization of Western Europe had long since freed their equals to the west. As the wars of their absolutist Czars brought Russians into contact with western ideas it was only a matter of time that the lower classes would demand a change. Thus the regimes dominating these two classes created a ‘powder keg’ in their much larger in population under classes. POINT 3 – Historical Evidence Then subsequent sentences in the paragraph should provide at least 2 prior knowledge statements/evidence in each paragraph. o You will do this for each of the body paragraphs in the paper so at least six will be written o This content should be from your coursework and can POINT 2 – Addresses all parts of the question †¢ Must address similarities AND differences for a full 2 points †¢ Address Comparisons, Chronology, Causation, Connections, Themes, Interactions, and Content EXTENDED CORE †¢ You have already written yourself into the extended core if you have followed the step by step!!! If in the comparative question there is a parenthetical qualifier such as (political, economic, cultural), it is not required that evidence is given for each. This parenthetical qualifier helps students think about what to write. AP World History Comparative Essay Generic Rubric Overview |Basic Core |Expanded Core | |Historical skills and knowledge required to show competence. |Historical skills and knowledge required to show excellence. |1. Has acceptable thesis. 1 Point |Expands beyond basic core of | |(addresses comparison of the |1-7 Points. The basic core of a 0-2 Points | |issues or themes specified) |score of 7 must be achieved | | |before a student can earn expanded | |2. Addresses all parts of the 2 Points |core points. |of the question, though not | | |necessarily evenly or thoroughly. |Examples: | | |Has a clear, analytical, and comprehensive thesis | |(Addresses most parts of the (1) |Addresses all parts of the question (as relevant): comparisons, | |question: for example, deals with |chronology, causation, connections, themes, interactions, content. |differences but not similarities) |Provides ample historical evidence to substantiate thesis. | | |Relates comparisons to larger global context. | |3. Substantiates thesis with 2 Points |Makes several direct comparisons consistently between or among | |appropriate evidence. |societies. | | |Consistently analyzes the causes and effects of relevant | |(Partially substantiates thesis with (1) |similarities and differences. |appropriate evidence. ) | | | | | |4. Makes at least three relevant, 1 Point | | |direct comparisons between or | | |among societies. | | | | |5. Analyzes at least three reasons 1 Point | | |for a similarity or difference | | |identified in a direct c omparison. | | | | |Subtotal 7 |Subtotal 2 Points | |Points | | TOTAL 9 Points How to cite Comparison Essay on Fall of the Roman Empire, Essay examples

Sunday, April 26, 2020

Male or Female Teachers Essay Sample free essay sample

The conflict of the sexes is possibly one of the most common treatments that have of all time taken topographic point. Each gender seems to hold an innate demand to seek to turn out that their gender is better than the opposite. This treatment created the full state of feminism. sexism which spawned countless books and many statements. Gender difference provide content for treatment in a assortment of media including films. telecasting. books. magazine and research. However. differences between female and male instructor have non been to the full researched and analysed. Hence. this survey explores teacher’s and student’s perceptual experience of female and male instructors effectiveness. Understanding teacher’s perceptual experience of gender-based differences among Negeri Sembilan Matriculation College ( KMNS ) instructors can take to better betterments in learning instruction and professional development programmes. It besides may take to the enlisting of more work forces into the instruction profession. We will write a custom essay sample on Male or Female Teachers Essay Sample or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page In add-on. roll uping perceptual experience of instructors and pupils may take pedagogue to better apprehension of why there are so few male instructor. Teacher interact otherwise with pupil of similar gender than they do with pupil of opposite gender. Similarly. a teacher’s perceptual experience of pupil characteristic and ability appear to change consistently by gender. Other surveies. found male pupil benefit at the disbursal of female pupil in the sum and quality of interaction received from instructor of both gender. On norm. pupil of male instructor mark worse than a pupil of female instructors. These cast uncertainty to the statement that instructors instruct pupil otherwise based upon sex of pupils. The presence of a instructor truly affects the life of a pupil. Teachers play a large portion in the lives of their pupils. A instructor has the chief function to be a wise man. Mentors as function theoretical accounts. they acclimate new pupils to their school and aid pupils to be the best in every facet. Bing a wise man takes a great trade of clip and expertness. It besides makes a important part to the development of adept pupils. Teachers should besides be accelerator for alteration. visionaries who are neer content w ith the position quo but instead ever looking for a better manner ( larner. 2004. page 32 ) . Teachers who take one the accelerator function feel secure in their ain work and have strong committedness to continual betterment. They pose inquiry to bring forth better believing analysis of their pupils. Teacher besides act as learning facilitators who facilitate professional acquisition among pupils. Teacher non merely assist in advancement of their pupils but besides larning from them. Hear what pupils have to state and help them. Therefore. larning becomes more relevant. focused and is aligned to make full spread in pupil acquisition. Teaching profession is the most exciting occupation in the universe. Everyone has their ain sentiment about the best instructor for them. The description about the best instructor is non merely about their features being as a instructor. but the technique they apply in learning pupil that make the pupil feel comfy know their instructor attentions about their success. When learning. instructors are the lone individual that can do a comfy ambiance in their schoolroom. The ambiance the instructors make will do the pupils feel the exhilaration in their schoolroom. In learning. instructor must utilize a assortment of renewed involvement in the capable affair. This technique can pull pupils involvement to analyze. The assortment that instructor usage must affect co-operation with other pupils. At the same clip. integrity among race will be. Teacher have to do certain that the brace of their pupils are non same in every activities. The assortment for case can capture pupils attending for what will be presented by the instructors. There are many assortment of larning activities that instructors can utilize it. These are some suggestions of assortment of larning activities. Teacher can utilize music. instructional games. storytelling. and LCD projection utilizing power point. Teacher can take any music that connect with their instruction session. Besides. most pupils like to hear music. This will do them bask analyzing in the schoolroom. The instructional games like scrabble. hangman and quizzes will do pupils non bored in category. On the other manus. instructor can make storytelling to their pupils. The narrative that instructor choose will impact the pupils involvement in learn more about the topic. Next. instructor can utilize LCD to learn in the schoolroom. The assortment in learning will supply new environment in the category. The best instructor cognize how to manage the state of affairs in the category. In learning. instructors must hold a program lesson before enter the schoolroom. The most of import thing in instruction is the aim. Teachers must cognize what they want the pupil get in their category. The aim must based on the larning result in the course of study. When there is aims. instructors will cognize what they are traveling to make and learn in the category towards the aim. The best instructors must hold solid program for the lesson. This is because the program that the instructor physique will do the instruction lesson go in the right tract. The instructor can cognize whether their aims are achieved or non by entering the pupil accomplishment based on the trial or quizzes. From that. instructor can analyze the student’s accomplishment in that topic. One key quality which good instructors posses is respect. This means the instructor respects the pupils and the pupils respect their instructor. But some of pupils are frequently disrespectful to their instructor. and some instructors are disrespectful to their pupils and do non prosecute in a productive relationship with their pupils. Students publi c presentation in school are ever related closely to their relationships with their instructors. Therefore. as a function theoretical account to pupils. instructors should demo their regard to pupils. Respecting other people does non intend that we are dishonoured or that is merely for people with high place or accomplishments. Respect is for everyone. Everyone has the right to be respected and excluded pupils. Life is merely similar mirror. what we see in the contemplation is precisely what we show out. When instructors have a strong sense of regard to their pupils. they will finally acquire back the same how it went. the instructor will hold a better clip learning. They can rapidly larn the strength and failing of their pupils and assist each pupil work to repair the failing. Students will recognize this and go motivated to work harder in school to turn out to themselves and others that they can better. Teachers that have student’s regard will be taken more earnestly and hold more authorization in category. A good instructor will decidedly avoid gratuitous abrasiveness and indurate feedback like â€Å"We have been over and over this. when are you be aftering to larn it? †or â€Å"Did you learn anything last term? † . They will besides listen to the pupils and neer negotiations down to them. A positive schoolroom clime is critical to set up so that pupils can experience safe and valued. One manner to do it into world is no uncertainty. a positive attitude and it all starts from a instructor with a positive head set a shortly as he steps into the school. If the instructors have a positive attitude. they will believe and move as if all pupils will be successful in the category. If instructors have positive attitudes there are no also-rans in the schoolroom despite what they have might heard. Finally. pupils will populate up to their outlooks and go successful 1s. A positive instructor would non prejudge their pupils. They put their trust on the pupils and convert them that they can make the best. They would non give up or being disappointed easy even when there are jobs caused by pupils. Alternatively. they would ever go on believing and wishes the best for their pupil’s success merely like they foremost knew the pupils. As decision. this is the issue that we would wish to convey frontward for our group to hold better apprehension as it is a really of import affair that a developing state should concern about for doing a better pupil in the hereafter.

Thursday, March 19, 2020

Role of Middle Management and Motivation

Role of Middle Management and Motivation Free Online Research Papers ROLE OF MIDDLE MANAGEMENT (a) WHAT IS MANAGEMENT? Management is a process or function that co-ordinates the activities and operations within an organisation, with the aim of producing a saleable product safely and at a more cost effective rate than similar organisations targeting the same market. WHY IS MANAGEMENT IMPORTANT? The main aim of an organisation is to produce a saleable product with the aim of making a profit. To achieve this objective it is imperative that the activities or operations necessary to produce the required product in terms of safety, quality and cost are conducted in a controlled and goal orientated manner. Hence, management is the critical factor in an organisation that optimises the utilisation of men, machines, money, materials and minutes to ultimately maximise profit. Effective management in a successful organisation will result in the communities within which they operate to prosper, as it will be a vehicle for job creation should the company expand and a general uplifting of the standard of living. (b) FIVE ESSENTIAL CHARACTERISTICS THAT MANAGEMENT LOOKS FOR IN SELECTING A SUPERVISOR, EXPLAINING WHY THEY ARE SO IMPORTANT. Qualifications – Formal and Informal In the new South Africa and the introduction of the National Qualifications Framework, the experience and tested expertise of a person will be taken into account, should he possess no formal qualification. To this end, depending on the nature of the work to be done, the level of formal/informal qualifications required may vary considerably. However, it is essential that the right man is selected for the job, thus a proven minimum requirement of his technical knowledge of the field would be critical in the eyes of management. Basic management skills and principles Management place a high premium on the prospective supervisors ability to the planning and organising of the work, leading and controlling a team performing the work and evaluating the performance of that work relative to specific objectives. This characteristic is important as the potential supervisor displays his cognisance of the overall objectives of the organisation and acknowledges his input in the overall success thereof. Interpersonal skills Management in most industries have come to realise that their most important asset is in fact the people constituting an organisation. When selecting a supervisor, management focuses heavily on the individuals’ ability to relate and communicate effectively with both sub-ordinates and management alike, as this is the level at which most interactions between the general workforce and management occurs. Safety record Identifying with the fact that people are the organisations most important asset and that the mining industry is stringently regulated, management deem a supervisors ability to achieve the required objectives safely of paramount importance. Management also realises that poor safety performance in any team of the organisation is a demotivating factor that could detrimentally affect the performance of the organisation as a whole. Problem solving abilities For the organisation to operate effectively, management requires supervisors to operate independently by solving problems in their area of responsibility, timeously and correctly. (c) FIVE JOB RESPONSIBILITIES OF SUPERVISORS AND THE RELEVANCE TO MY WORK RESPONSIBILITIES. Planning and organising the job Ensure the daily production statistics from the three production units are captured correctly by the data-capturing clerk. Project the production performance to month end. Meet with the technical manager and production overseers daily to discuss the operation and the performance relative to the targets of the month. Monthly perform the physical planning of the operation for three months and present to the organisation’s management team. Achieving results through motivation Maintain a high level of motivation in the section is relevant to my line of work in that the operation I am employed at has only three years before closure and future job security creates uncertainty in workers. In addition, the organisation is one of six similar organisations under a single parent organisation and delivers the same outputs as them, yet they have a minimum of five people performing the same work as my section, where only two people are employed. Furthermore, the gradual downsizing of the operation due to closure in three years allows little in the form of opportunities for promotion in the foreseeable future. Thus, motivating the workers in the section is an ongoing issue to promote on a daily basis. Review previous planning On a monthly basis it is required to survey the actual production effort in the field and compare these results with the expected results of the previous planning meeting. This review meeting is held with management so that problems with regards geological models, machine efficiencies and previous planning can be identified and a workable alternative to the plan is found, so that the organisations goal can still be achieved or surpassed. Safety communication Meetings are conducted daily, before work commences, to communicate incidents or accidents and the primary causes, which had occurred in other areas of the organisation, or entire mining industry. These meetings ensure that effective controls can be put in place to prevent such injury in my section, if such control does not already exist. Training of sub-ordinates To remain abreast of technology and to ensure the best technology is employed in my work situation requires constant on-the-job training of my sub-ordinates. This training intervention allows me to identify inefficiencies in the section and invites worker participation in perfecting the system. (d) ANALYSIS OF A NORMAL DAYS WORK Technical / Operational skills – (45% of day) ? Safety meeting and daily task distribution 0.5 hours. ? Analysis of previous days production performance before production meeting – 1 hour. ? Production meeting with mine overseers and Technical Manager – 1 hour. ? Field visit – 1 hour ? Make alterations to plan based on above outcomes – 1 hour. Management skills – (55% of day) ? Attend operations meeting with Technical manager – 1 hour. ? Resolve issues raised by individuals in section – 2 hours. ? Review / analyse section cost reports – 0.5 hours. ? Strategic mine planning session 2 hours. This is the most effective situation under current conditions. This statement is substantiated by the fact that my section has produced sustained above average results over a prolonged period and by and large each member knows what is expected of him. This allows myself the chance to apply my skills, in conjunction with senior management, to exploit other potential opportunities of strategic value, which may prevent closure within the next three years. (e) THE RESOURCES I MANAGE AND HOW MANAGEMENT MEASURES MY PERFORMANCE. ? I have the direct control over two individuals and the accuracy of their efforts is audited on a daily basis by management. The daily statistics are distributed to ten management level employees who are acutely aware of their unit’s performance and relate inaccuracies on reports without hesitation, on a daily basis. ? The performance in the production field is compared on a monthly basis with tabled plans and forecasts I present (i.e. does the actual linear advance of particular machines correlate with planning at the previous planning meeting). ? I am furthermore measured on a monthly basis as to whether my section has operated within the financial budget constraints as determined at the start of the financial year. ? The safety performance of my section is measured against objectives set for the section at the start of the financial year. PART 2 MOTIVATION (a) IDENTIFY A MEMBER OF MY TEAM WHO IS UNMOTIVATED AND WHO IS DETRIMENTALLY AFFECTING THE PERFORMANCE OF THE TEAM. The individual whom I identified for this exercise will remain anonymous. (b) ‘SIGNS’ I USED TO INTERPRET THAT THE INDIVIDUAL IS UNMOTIVATED. He was always an outspoken and cheerful person, who had become sullen and prone to mood swings. He had become progressively more withdrawn, displaying a ‘don’t care’ attitude. Of late he had begun to make excuses to have time off from work or to leave work early. He did only what was expected of him, whereas he was an individual who would search for additional work in the past. Without any additional work responsibilities, it began to appear as if he could no longer get the work done in time. The normal impeccable presentation of his work had deteriorated. He elicited suggestions that he should possibly seek alternative employment. (c) DEVELOPING A PROGRAM TO ADDRESS THE PROBLEM. How I determined what the problem was. When the employee started withdrawing and became exceedingly moody, I approached him directly, bearing in mind that we had always prided our section as having open channels of communication. The employee receded into a state of anger and did not invite further dialogue towards resolving the problem, which he perceived to be a figment of my imagination. He further commented that if I was unable to find fault with his work, that I should leave him alone. I subsequently enquired as to why his work was not of the normal high standard and that the work all appeared to be rushed. The employee asked if his efforts were not good enough, if he does not mean anything to the organisation and what future was there for him in the organisation. This is how I determined the root cause of the employee’s lack of motivation. What instrument(s) / actions I used to determine this. I used situational leadership as a management tool to resolve the issue. I made use of the Developmental Task Analysis 11 to determine which specific style would be required to effectively manage the efforts of this employee. By identifying the employee’s high development level and obvious future aspirations, I realised that I would have to adopt a highly supportive management style to resolve the issue effectively. What instrument I used to determine what motivates this individual. I relied on effective interpersonal communication skills as an instrument to ascertain what motivates this employee. Management interventions I determined to address the problem and why. ? Providing opportunities to make presentations As an immediate intervention to prove to the employee that his contribution is valued and that the due recognition and criticisms becomes him, I made him responsible for presenting the planning schedules and review comparisons to the management team on a monthly basis. The presentations are however scrutinised in the section by all relevant role players. ? Job enrichment This intervention was added to his existing tasks to enhance the employee’s understanding of long term strategic planning and the implications poor planning could have over an extended period. ? Special assignments The organisation’s aspiration to become a benchmark company in the mining industry world-wide has caused a host of specific operations to be closely monitored. On an annual basis certain information / data collected over the period of a year is required to be submitted for comparison with other benchmark companies statistics. This task involves a serious learning curve, which is bound to broaden the individual’s technical knowledge. ? Job rotation I instituted a program whereby employees in the technical department relieve mine overseers in the field when they are on leave. The aim of this intervention was to afford both parties the exposure in different environments and hence develop a mutual respect for each other’s work and abilities. ? Career path development A career development path was designed with the employee by utilising the services of professional consultants. The advantage of a professional external opinion is that the results depicted are free of bias and highlight the potential ability and also the weaknesses of the employee. ? Understudy training The intervention of understudy training was a direct development undertaken from job rotation except the aim was to hone the skills of the problematic employee in his current field of expertise. What interventions were successful and why. ? Providing opportunities to make presentations This has been highly successful in that this intervention provided management with an additional control that ensures the organisation gets the planning right the first time. ? Job enrichment The effects of this intervention were dramatically successful in that the total methodology of operation has been changed, not with the purpose of extending the life of the organisation but operating at a lower cost in the last few years before closure. Interventions with limited success. ? Job rotation This intervention was successful from the point of the technical employee (the employee whose problem we were resolving) as he was able to quickly adapt to the production operation. The production mine overseer however did not possess the level of computer literacy to perform the most basic of planning functions. This practice was subsequently aborted and alternatives for this method of training are currently under investigation. ? Career path development The career development path that was formulated was in itself a success, but the employee was still not convinced of his possible advancement in the organisation since, according to his perception, less accomplished members of his peers in other mining houses were far ahead of him in the promotional route. ? Special assignments This intervention has been relatively unsuccessful in that no feedback has been given to the organisation or individual and the exercise does not cater for physical differences in the methodology and operation at different mines. The employee has felt that this exercise was time consuming with no real benefit to the organisation as such. Research Papers on Role of Middle Management and MotivationThe Project Managment Office SystemBionic Assembly System: A New Concept of SelfIncorporating Risk and Uncertainty Factor in CapitalResearch Process Part OneDefinition of Export QuotasOpen Architechture a white paperMarketing of Lifeboy Soap A Unilever ProductAnalysis of Ebay Expanding into AsiaPETSTEL analysis of IndiaInfluences of Socio-Economic Status of Married Males

Monday, March 2, 2020

The Snowball Earth

The Snowball Earth Some very strange events have left their signs in the rocks of Precambrian time, the nine-tenths of Earths history before fossils became common. Various observations point to times when the whole planet appears to have gripped by colossal ice ages. Big-thinker Joseph Kirschvink first assembled the evidence in the late 1980s, and in a 1992 paper he dubbed the situation the snowball earth. Evidence for the Snowball Earth What did Kirschvink see? Many deposits of Neoproterozoic age (between 1000 and about 550 million years old) show the distinctive signs of ice agesyet they involved carbonate rocks, which are made only in the tropics.Magnetic evidence from these ice-age carbonates showed that indeed they were very near the equator. And there is nothing to suggest that the Earth was tilted on its axis any differently from today.And the unusual rocks known as banded iron formation appeared at this time, after an absence of more than a billion years. They have never reappeared. These facts led Kirschvink to a wild surmise glaciers had not just spread over the poles, as they do today, but had reached all the way to the equator, turning the Earth into a global snowball. That would set up feedback cycles reinforcing the ice age for quite some time: First, white ice, on land and upon the ocean, would reflect the suns light into space and leave the area cold.Second, the glaciated continents would emerge as the ice took water from the ocean, and the newly exposed continental shelves would reflect sunlight rather than absorbing it as dark seawater does.Third, the huge quantities of rock ground into dust by the glaciers would take carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, reducing the greenhouse effect and reinforcing the global refrigeration. These tied in with another event: the supercontinent Rodinia had just broken apart into many smaller continents. Small continents are wetter than large ones, hence more likely to support glaciers. The area of continental shelves must have increased, too, thus all three factors were reinforced. The banded iron formations suggested to Kirschvink that the sea, blanketed in ice, had gone stagnant and run out of oxygen. This would allow dissolved iron to build up instead of circulating through living things as it does now. As soon as the ocean currents and continental weathering resumed, the banded iron formations would be quickly laid down. The key to breaking the glaciers grip was volcanoes, which continually emit carbon dioxide derived from old subducted sediments (more on volcanism). In Kirschvinks vision, the ice would shield the air from the weathering rocks and allow CO2 to build up, restoring the greenhouse. At some tipping point the ice would melt, a geochemical cascade would deposit the banded iron formations, and snowball Earth would return to normal Earth. The Arguments Begin The snowball earth idea lay dormant until the late 1990s. Later researchers noted that thick layers of carbonate rocks capped the Neoproterozoic glacial deposits. These cap carbonates made sense as a product of the high-CO2 atmosphere that routed the glaciers, combining with calcium from the newly exposed land and sea. And recent work has established three Neoproterozoic mega-ice ages: the Sturtian, Marinoan and Gaskiers glaciations at about 710, 635 and 580 million years ago respectively. The questions arise as to why these happened, when and where they happened, what triggered them, and a hundred other details. A wide range of experts found reasons to argue against or quibble with the snowball earth, which is a natural and normal part of science. Biologists saw Kirschvinks scenario as looking too extreme. He had suggested in 1992 that metazoansprimitive higher animalsarose through evolution after the global glaciers had melted and opened new habitats. But metazoan fossils were found in much older rocks, so obviously the snowball earth had not killed them. A less extreme slushball earth hypothesis has arisen that protects the biosphere by positing thinner ice and milder conditions. Snowball partisans argue their model cannot be stretched that far. To an extent, this appears to be a case of different specialists taking their familiar concerns more seriously than a generalist would. The more distant observer can easily picture an icelocked planet that has enough warm refuges to preserve life while still giving the glaciers the upper hand. But the ferment of research and discussion will surely yield a truer and more sophisticated picture of the late Neoproterozoic. And whether it was a snowball, slushball or something without a catchy name, the type of event that seized our planet at that time is impressive to contemplate. PS: Joseph Kirschvink introduced the snowball earth in a very short paper in a very large book, so speculative that the editors didnt even have someone review it. But publishing it was a great service. An earlier example is Harry Hesss groundbreaking paper on seafloor spreading, written in 1959 and circulated privately before it found an uneasy home in another large book published in 1962. Hess called it an essay in geopoetry, and ever since the word has had a special significance. I do not hesitate to call Kirschvink a geopoet as well. For instance, read about his polar wander proposal.

Saturday, February 15, 2020

Accountability of Police Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

Accountability of Police - Essay Example Police is the government department that guarantees through the use of force if needed, the peaceful and lawful existence of the citizens of the country. Since this department can use force to get its way through, this gets misused at many an occasion resulting in a large scale anti police sentiments. The responsibility of the police force is clearly spelt out in the law (HMSO, nd) when the force was created. This law has been undergoing rapid changes with the change in the way people worked and the level of civil and human rights that was envisaged for the people. With more relaxation in public laws and increase in the human rights consciousness, it is important for the police force also to modernize (Leigh, A., Mundy, G. and Tuffin, R. 1999). They need to change their perception in line with the needs of the civil society.Police Accountability has increased over a period of time along with the increase in civil rights movements and human rights activism. Police was and continues to be subservient to Judiciary in most of the countries. However, there are specific on site decisions that the police could take not withstanding any directions from the court. For instance, during a riot or arson, police can take a balanced decision to ensure that the peace and the property of law abiding citizens of the country are not damaged and the public property is not ransacked. However, the onus of proving that such an action was needed in order to maintain peace becomes the responsibility of the police. Such similar acts of the police mark their accountability to the public and are answerable in a court of law. It is therefore, important for the police to realise this specific feature set in law. Whether it is shooting down an 'unknown' terrorist on the tube who turns out to be an innocent migrant or when a black woman is arrested after a long drawn midnight struggle when she is repeatedly hit by three or four strong policemen, the accountability of the police come into foc us. Without reference to any race or sex, police are accountable for their actions like any other person in the country. Brixton Riots and Lord Scarman Report Brixton Riots left a long scar on the police and the administration in general. As the Scarman report pointed out, the 'complex, social and economic factors' created the violent protest that burnt the area. This was more a fight against the police, mostly, rather than the other agencies of the government. Scarman report further went ahead to say that there was a clear racial discrimination. There was a loss of confidence in the police force and in their methods of policing. There was a strong dislike among the black population for discriminatory tendencies in the police force. The report suggests that if there had been more of ethnic minorities in the police force such discriminatory tendencies would not have arisen. The accountability of the police in such an incident was pretty limited. Internal and External Discipline The police force is expected to be disciplined both internally and externally. In cases like that of the Brixton Riots where a continuous and ongoing lack of confidence in Police comes out in the form of riots, Police could not build the friendship that is required. The racial orientation of the police in Britain has long been under question. Therefore, it is only right that the police discipline themselves internally and then ensure that there is an external discipline as well. The racial prejudices that the police carry with them are inbuilt and have long significance. This cannot be offset within a matter of years or even centuries. And to set right this